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For Large-Part Machining, Five-Axis Capabilities Prove Essential to Staying Competitive

6/7/2019 3 MINUTE READ For Large-Part Machining, Five-Axis Capabilities Prove Essential to Staying Competitive.Metalcraft of Mayville’s old milling machine for large parts failed just when the company began seeing increased pressure to take on projects requiring more flexibility and capabilities. Two five-axis HMCs from Toyoda helped the company stay in step with the trend.  . By adding five-axis machining to its core competencies, Metalcraft gained greater control over its lead times by eliminating operations and setups by as much as half: an important benefit in light of a push from OEM customers for the full production package. The FH1250SX-5Axis horizontal machining center is equipped with a 15,000-rpm, 400-Nm, high-torque spindle with low heat generation. It is designed to machine of a variety of materials ranging from aluminum to titanium. The large-scale capabilities of the FH1250SX-5Axis reduced Metalcraft’s need for specialized tools while contributing to better tool life, even on the larger machines with hard metal applications.Previous Next Edited byJedd Cole Associate Editor, Modern Machine ShopShare.Read Next . How to Become a Defense Industry Machined-Parts Supplier .Mission critical: An additive manufacturing breakthrough in commercial aviation .June 2019 Metalworking Index Advances . Metalcraft of Mayville, Wisconsin, is known by many as the manufacturer of Scag Power Equipment brand commercial lawn mowers; but at the company’s 230,000-square-foot West Bend facility, staff also maintain large-scale welding and fabrication operations for other OEM customers like John Deere, Oshkosh Truck, Lockheed Martin and Caterpillar. As large-part contracts became available, adding greater machining capabilities over just traditional fabrication services proved to be crucial to remain competitive. At the point of decision, Metalcraft was using an old milling machine that was neither keeping up with customer demand nor machining to required tolerances. But things got worse: The machine went down for eight months, prompting the shop to pay a premium for outsourced work that could have been done in house. A $140,000 quote for repairs to get the operation up and running again sent Metalcraft looking for alternative machines. Featured Content . Fixturing for Five-Axis CNCsWhich Five-Axis Machining Center is Right for You?High Feed Milling Can Reduce Cycle Times 50 Percent The company decided to buy a pair of Toyoda FH1250SX-5Axis horizontal machining centers. Despite primarily machining large weldments, the machines’ five-axis capabilities halved the number of operations and setups required by the traditional three- and four-axis processes. These machines — designed for complex, tight-tolerance, large-part machining — would also meet the demands of Metalcraft’s high-profile clients for equipment capable of handling large workpieces with maximum flexibility.  “We cut a bunch of different, mostly tougher, steel alloys made to withstand falling objects. Running these parts through the Toyodas was actually the easiest and most profitable,” says John Grotelueschen, Metalcraft’s machining manager who supervises the operation of over 20 large CNC machining centers. The Toyoda machines come equipped with either a 10,000- or 15,000-rpm integral tilting spindle with rapid feed rates of 1,260 ipm (32 m/min.) on the X and Y axes and 1,654 ipm (42 m/min.) on the Z axis. “The installation of these machines couldn’t have gone any smoother,” Mr. Grotelueschen adds. “I have been in the industry for over 30 years and overseen upwards of 20 installs. This was the easiest install I’ve ever been involved with.” Right off the bat, Metalcraft was running jobs for five different clients with the Toyoda machines. The FH1250SX-5Axis was able to handle the size and scope of work while maintaining target lead times. “For Caterpiller we are manufacturing large, front assembly radiator guards — cutting the metal, welding it, building the assembly and re-machining the full assembly,” Mr. Groteleuschen explains, “and for Deere, we make the tie rod for the four-wheel-drive tractors. It is almost 10 feet long, and we flame cut, machine, paint and send it back to them. We also manufacture their cab mounts. We need the accuracy of these machines. These parts are a couple thousand dollars each.” Adding machining as a core competency, Metalcraft got a leg up on its competition, especially as customers began pushing for “the full production package.” One of these requirements is high-speed machining, which the shop was not able to do before buying the Toyoda machines. By speeding up machining and eliminating setups thanks to five-axis and five-sided machining capabilities, Metalcraft has dramatically reduced cycle times and rework.For Mr. Grotelueschen, the machines’ accuracy supports these benefits: “The accuracy on the machines is fantastic. We need accuracy when we are working with high-cost parts,” he says. “The Toyodas are very precise and consistent in production. They easily do what we couldn’t achieve by other means.”  “There are tools that have been on [the machines] since the beginning that I haven’t had to change, which is unusual for a machine of that size and application.” Another benefit Mr. Grotelueschen notes has to do with tool life, which is another area in which overall costs can be affected. “There are tools that have been on [the machines] since the beginning that I haven’t had to change, which is unusual for a machine of that size and application,” he says. In short, he says, Metalcraft is replacing fewer tools, less often. With the FH1250SX-5Axis’s range of five-axis capabilities, the company no longer needs expensive specialty tools for specific jobs.Metalcraft may have started as a fabrication and welding company, but the Toyoda HMCs have helped the company diversify: a task many shops are increasingly facing.RELATED CONTENT. Composites Machining for the F-35 . Lockheed Martin’s precision machining of composite skin sections for the F-35 provides part of the reason why this plane saves money for U.S. taxpayers. That machining makes the plane compelling in ways that have led other countries to take up some of the cost. Here is a look at a high-value, highly engineered machining process for the Joint Strike Fighter aircraft. Understanding Jerk Control . What does "jerk" refer to, and where does it fit into machine performance? How One Shop Machines Advanced Ceramics . Years of trial and error combined with the appropriate machining technology allow this company to produce custom parts made of alumina, zirconia, boron nitride and other advanced ceramic materials. One example of key machining technology is a five-axis machining center used exclusively to produce the complex, tightly toleranced geometry that fire-hardened workpieces require.